The Paradox of Interrelation between Religion and Family in Modern Russia (Research grant RSF)

PROJECT: The Paradox of Interrelation between Religion and Family in Modern Russia (Research grant RSF)

FUNDING:  the project was supported by the Russian Science Foundation in a form of a grant (project № 18-78-10089). The grant was given to Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University.

DURATION OF THE PROJECT:  2018 – 2021

PROJECT COORDINATOR: Ivan Pavlyutkin

RESEARCH TEAM: Ivan Zabaev, Mariia Goleva,  Olga Borisova,  Nikolay  Emeliyanov, Kirill Markin, Elizaveta Kostrova, Tatiana Krihtova

ABOUT THE  PROJECT

The research project is aimed at the systematic study of the effects of religion (the main focus on Christianity) in the family life in Russian society that has gone through the forced secularization and detraditionalization of the family). In modern social sciences, religion and family are considered as completely independent Institutions. Researchers of family and fertility do not include into their explanatory models theoretical and methodological features of religion and religiosity studies. The existing sociological and economic studies base on the presupposition of religious coherence and include indicators of confessional affiliation or subjective assessments of religiosity without measuring such factors as regularity of religiosity practices, religious socialization and embeddedness of a family in social relations within the parishes. Such “poor methodology” shows either the absence of significance or weak influence of religious indicators on family and fertility. In addition, researchers do not apply methods of interviewing a married couple (husband and wife) and don’t focus on father involvement and large families formation. That is why interpretations of the meaning of religion for a family are reduced to a description of formal rules and religious prescriptions, which supposed to guide family life. Beyond the study of the relationship between religion and family, on the one hand, the substantial meaning of religion, expressed in the categories of ethics and virtues (fidelity, responsibility, humility, etc.), and on the other hand, different types of religiosity and social mechanisms of religious influence parish social networks, godparents, etc. Inattention to religious factors is often explained by the emphasis on the process of social modernization and the decline of the value orientation, which is specific to traditional institutions. Meanwhile, both Russian and international studies of values show the significance of family and children values for Russians, compared to the inhabitants of other European countries.

This research focuses on overcoming the theoretical and methodological gap in family and religion research in the social sciences. Realization of the project using primary and secondary empirical data will allow to assess the contribution and significance of religion, and also to clarify the mechanics of its influence on family sustainability and fertility.

RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS

For the second year of project realization:
Goleva Mariia. 2019. "Social Meaning of Time in a Family with Children (a Case Study of Large Families)." Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, 3, 239-260.

Goleva Mariia. 2019. "The Effects of Social Network on Fertility: The Case of Large Families in Russia." Journal of Economic Sociology, vol. 20, no 3, 136-163, doi: 10.17323/1726-3247-2019-3-136-163.

Krihtova Tatiana. 2019. "Sociology of Family and Childhood in the Work of James Bossard." Sociological Journal, 25 (3): 84-98, http://doi.org/10.19181/socjour.2019.25.3.6677.
For the first year of project realization:
Emeliyanov Nikolay. 2019. "Significance of Family of Orthodox Priest in Pastoral Ministry: Theological Approach." St. Tikhon’s University Review. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. Religious studies, 82, 34-50.

Pavlyutkin Ivan, Borisova Olga. 2019. "The Revival of Tradition, New Marriages or Network Effects: Variability of Models of Modern Urban Large Families?" Mir Rossii (article was accepted for publication), 28 (4): 128-151, doi: 10.17323/1811-038X-2019-28-4-128-151.

Kostrova Elizaveta. 2018. "Objective hermeneutics: problems and prospects." Sotsiologiya 4M (Sociology: methodology, procedures and mathematical models). Т. 46. № 1, 123-158.

Kostrova Elizaveta. 2018. "The Dyad and the Third Party: The Traces of Simmel’s Distinction in Phenomenology and Family Studies." AVANT, 9 (2): 187-202.
Borisova Olga. 2019. "Il coinvolgimento del padre: differenze individuali e di gruppo." La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 75-83, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

Emeliyanov Nikolay. 2019. "La famiglia del sacerdote come uno degli strumenti del servizio pastorale." La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 199-209, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

Goleva Mariia. 2019. "Tipologia dei percorsi che portano alla famiglia numerosa: il caso delle grandi famiglie nella Russia contemporanea." La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 84-93, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

Kostrova Elizaveta. 2019. "La famiglia come triade: Jean-Luc Marion e gli studi sulla famiglia." La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 94-99, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

Pavlyutkin Ivan. 2019. "Famiglia e comunita: in che modo la religione contribuisce alla crescita delle famiglie numerose in Russia?" La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 119-126, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

Zabaev Ivan. 2019. "Umilta e famiglia. Impostazione del problema nell’ambito della sociologia weberiana." La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni, 163-170, ISBN 978-88-98080-30-4. Pharus Editore Librario. Livorno, Italia.

INTERVIEWS AND PUBLICATIONS IN THE PRESS

IQ.hse.ru: Research and Education Website. 2019. "Exceeding the norm. How does society condemn large families? (review of Mariia Goleva's article)." iq.hse.ru/en, 24.09.2019.

Simankova Elena, Pavlyutkin Ivan. 2019. "Large families and social contagion (interview with Ivan Pavlyutkin)." Miloserdie.RU, 04.02.2019.

Simankova Elena. 2018. "Fathers ask for the birth of children. Why the demographic policy has stalled in? (interview with Ivan Pavlyutkin)." Miloserdie.RU, 24.12.2018.

RELEVANT NEWS

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International workshop on the project «The Paradox of Interrelation between Religion and Family in Modern Russia (Research grant RSF)» (3 October 2019, Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University) >>>

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Ivan Pavlyutkin participated in a workshop «Reforms of social policy in contemporary Russia: methods of research, economical context and political meanings» (30 September 2019) >>>

Maria Goleva took part in the 14th Conference of the European Sociological Association «Europe and Beyond: Boundaries, Barriers and Belonging» (20-23 August 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom) >>>

Researchers of the “Sociology of Religion” took part in the 35th conference of the International Society for the Sociology of Religion at the University of Barcelona >>>

I.Pavlyutkin participated in XX April International Academic Conference On Economic and Social Development (12 April, 2019) >>>

A book of reports «La bellezza della famiglia in Italia e in Russia: problemi e soluzioni» is now published >>>

M.Goleva took part in All-Russian Scientific Conference XI sociological readings in memory of V.B. Golofast “The Importance of Family in the modern world” (28-31 March, 2019, Saint Petersburg) >>>

An interview with I.Pavlyutkin about the research of large families was published on the portal “Miloserdie.ru” >>>

Ivan Pavlyutkin made a presentation on XXVII International Christmas Educational Readings >>>

An interview with I.Pavlyutkin was published on the portal “Miloserdie.ru” >>>

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1-2 November, 2018. I.Pavlyutkin participated in a conference “The Leaders of Science” >>>

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1- 6 October 2018. Researchers of “Sociology of Religion” Research Laboratory and Ecclesiastical Institutions Research Laboratory participated in a symposium on family issues in Italy >>>

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Ivan Pavlyutkin gave a lecture at the School of Public Action >>>