Duration of the project: 2016-2017
Project coordinator: Ivan Zabaev
Research team: Tatiana Krichtova, Daria Oreshina, Nikolay Emelyanov, Kirill Alexin
About the Project
The project aims at studying the time budget (allocation of time according to its type of use) of modern Russian priests. The idea for this study grew out of the research project, “Priests in the Modern World” as an attempt to test the hypotheses formulated during theoretical seminars on field materials.
The main scope of the project is to implement field work following the method of participant observation of priests’ daily activities and studying their time journals.
Today there is no single concept of who an Orthodox priest is, what his job description is, and which tasks have priority. Priests, parishioners, and the media are likely to give very different answers to this question. Thus, in order to understand the role and place of priests in the modern world, it is necessary to study their activities “as they are” through direct observation of priests’ everyday life and their participation in it. This work should result in the understanding of how priests’ time is allocated and how in reality this time budget is related to the perception of their role in the Church, their role in the life of parishioners, and in the country as a whole.
One of the research hypotheses is that modern priests need to observe a constant balance between caring about the souls of their parishioners and performing prayer services. During this study we are planning to see how the priests themselves find a balance between these two practices, and how they perceive and explain their methods of resolving the contradictions that arise.
Obviously, the time budgets of priests will vary depending on many factors (the place of the parish and its type of location, the specific character of additional activities of the priest, his obediences, etc.). Therefore, our task is not to build up an average indicator for all priests, but to construct a typology of their actions.
The unique nature of the project is that this kind of study has not been conducted before using Russian materials.
Fieldwork: a study of “50 Confessions”
As a part of a project, an empirical study of “50 Confessions” was conducted. Simultaneously 50 observers in 50 Moscow parishes collected the data on confession processes. The observation was conducted on April 9-10, 2016 (on Saturday and Sunday), during Lent. Each parish recorded a number of indicators during the evening service on Saturday – the all-night vigil, and the morning service on Sunday. The main indicators were: the total time spent at confession by one of the priests of the parish (on Saturday evening and on Sunday morning), and the number of people confessed to him during this time.