Orthodox Monitor

«Orthodox Monitor» project is initiated by “Sociology of Religion” team in St.Tikhons Humanitarian Orthodox University. The survey of Russian Federation population religiosity and the relation of the population towards Russian Orthodox Church  was started in 2011 with the support of PSTGU.

In 2013 methodological work within the “Orthodox Monitor” project was supported by the Cariplo Foundation in cooperation with Landau Network – Centro Volta.

Would you like the Russian Orthodox Church… Goal of the research. The research is aimed at studying the inter-relations between religiosity, values, and practices of the Russian population.

The first three waves of the survey were conducted in Russia during 2011 and 2012 with a multi-stage stratified random sample design. The survey was designed by the “Sociology of Religion” project at St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, and the field work was carried out by the “Public Opinion Foundation”.

The first wave (December 2011) was a detailed study of the general population’s attitudes towards the Russian Orthodox Church, religious involvement characteristics and motivation, values, practices.

The second wave (October 2012) was a shortened replication of the same questions from the first cycle.

The third wave (December 2012) is a study of the core Church members. It contains church social work participation, and social networks.

Results. The monograph, containing the results of the first three waves of the survey, is in progress and expected to be published in 2014.

At the moment the “Orthodox Monitor” project requires funding for the following waves of the survey.

About the project

Most contemporary surveys of religiosity are based mainly on Protestant ideas of religious practice. Such surveys are insufficient in order to understand religious practice in Orthodox Christian countries such as Russia, because the following indicators inherent to Orthodoxy are not taken into account:

(1) The particular characteristics of the Church, such as the organization of church officials (patriarchy and clergy authority, etc.), the significance of the sacraments, and the priests’ background.

(2) The situation in Orthodox Christian countries, many of which experienced forced secularization during their socialist period, does not lend itself to a so-called “religious market” where practitioners may choose among many denominations, as is common in the United States.

“Orthodox Monitor” is a research project, aimed at the in-depth study of religiosity in Orthodox countries. Developing the project in cross-cultural perspective is one of our future goals.

Long-term results of the project

Periodical bulletin “Religious life in Russian Federation: monitoring”

Unique base of sociological data on the dynamics of the Russian Federation population religiosity, the influence of the religiosity upon significant social indicators and the dynamics of the population relation towards Russian Orthodox Church and its initiatives.

Materials on methodology and methods for studying religiosity in Post-Soviet world.

Relevant publications

Markin Kirill. 2018. "Between belief and unbelief: non-practicing Orthodox Christians in the context of the Russian sociology of religion." Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, 2, 274-290.

Prutskova Elena. 2017. "Prutskova E.V. 2017. Religiosity and basic values in Russia (based on European Social Survey and Orthodox Monitor) ." XVII April international scientific conference on problems of development of economy and society. In four books. Book 4, Ed. E. Yasin, 23-30, Moscow: NRU HSE.

Prutskova Elena. 2017. "Religiosity and the basic values of Russians (according to the "European Social Survey" and the nationwide study "Orthodox Monitor") ." St. Tikhon’s University Review. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. Religious studies, 4 (72): 126-143.

Prutskova Elena, Markin Kirill. 2016. "The problem of measuring orthodox religiosity in Russia (according to the All-Russian research of the Orthodox Monitor)." Sociology of Religion in the Society of Late Modernity: A Collection of Articles and Abstracts on the Materials of the VI International Scientific Conference on the 140th Anniversary of the Belgorod State University, Ed. S.D. Lebedev. 19-20 september. Belgorod "Epicenter" Ltd: 190-193.

Prutzkova Elena, Melkumyan Elena. 2016. "Motivation to visit the temples of the Russian Orthodox Church (according to the All-Russian research "Orthodox Monitor")." XVI April International Scientific Conference on the problems of economic development and society. Moscow: The pPp, 74-83.

Melkumyan Elena, Prutskova Elena. 2015. "A parishioner of the Russian Orthodox Church as an expert, describing his parish (based on Orthodox Monitor)." Religion and / or everyday life: IV International Scientific Conference “Religion and / or everyday life”, Ed. by S. I. Shatravskiy, M. V. Kazmiruk. April 16-18. Minsk: RIVSH: 154-160.

Melkumyan Elena, Oreshina Daria, Prutskova Elena. 2015. "Religious Factor and Civil Society: the Diversity of Social Life and Voluntary Associations in Russian Orthodox Church Parishes (based on the Orthodox Monitor Survey)." The 5th LCSR International Annual Conference “Cultural and Economic Changes under Cross-national Perspective”. November 16-20. LCSR, National Research University Higher School of Economics. Moscow: 39-40.

Zabaev Ivan, Oreshina Daria, Prutskova Elena. 2014. "Social Capital of the Russian Orthodox Christianity in the Early 21st Century: Applying Social Network Analysis." State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide, 1 (32): 40-66, Moscow.

Prutskova Elena. 2013. "Orthodox Monitor: Toward a Holistic Model of Religious Influence on Values and Attitudes in Countries with Forced Secularization Experience." The 3rd International Annual Conference of the LCSR "Cultural and Economic changes under cross-national perspective". November 12-17. NRU HSE. Moscow: 39.

Oreshina Daria, Prutskova Elena, Zabaev Ivan. 2013. "Orthodox Monitor": 3 waves of an all-Russian survey." 5th Conference of the European Survey Research Association. July 15-19, 2013. Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prutskova Elena. 2013. "Basic values of Russian Orthodox Church members: an application of Schwartz Portrait Value Questionnaire." 5th Conference of the European Survey Research Association. July 15-19, 2013. Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prutskova Elena, Zabaev Ivan. 2013. "Social network analysis as a research method for evaluation of the social dimension of religiosity." Man and Religion. , 82-86, Minsk: Izdatelskiy Center BGU. Izdatelstvo "Chetire Chetverti".

Zabaev Ivan, Melkumyan Elena, Oreshina Daria, Pavlyutkin Ivan, Prutskova Elena. 2013. "The impact of religious socialization and belonging to a religious community on fertility. The problem formulation." Demoscope Weekly, 553.

Zabaev Ivan, Prutskova Elena. 2013. "The social network of the Orthodox parish community: possibilities for applying the Analysis of social networks to the sociology of religion." Vestnik PSTGU. Series I: Theology, 4 (48): 120-136.

Prutskova Elena. 2012. "The Concept of Religiosity: Operationalization in Empirical Research." State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide, 2 (30): 268-293.

Prutskova Elena, Zabaev Ivan. 2012. "The social activity of Russian Orthodox Church parishes in Russia in the early 21st century: a comparative perspective." Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Networks in the Global World: Structural Transformations in Europe, the US and Russia”. 22-24 June 2012. St. Petersburg. 74.

Zabaev Ivan, Prutskova Elena. 2012. "Social support networks in Orthodox church community. Based on a survey of 3 large Moscow parishes." VI theoretical and practical conference "Contemporary sociology for contemporary Russia": Collection of articles in memoriam of the first Dean of the Faculty of Sociology at NRU HSE, A.O. Kryshtanovsky. 1-3 February 2012. Moscow. Moscow: NRU HSE, 598-608.

Zabaev Ivan, Oreshina Daria, Prutskova Elena. 2012. Three Moscow parishes: main socio-demographic characteristics and attitudes of the large parish communities members. Moscow: PSTGU (Reissued in 2016).

Zabaev Ivan, Prutskova Elena. 2012. "“Network” concept in social sciences. An application for parish research in the beginning of the XXI century." 4th Regular All-Russian Sociological Congress “Sociology and society: global challenges and regional development” . Moscow: ROS, 4732-4739.

Prutskova Elena. 2010. "Religiosity: operationalization and quantitative measurement methods ." Working Papers, "Sociology of Religion" Seminar, Series: Quantitative religion research. International practice, 5 (2010): Moscow: PSTGU.

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